Africa

South Sudan Mediation Talks: Nairobi’s Role

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  • He conveyed to Xinhua in Juba, South Sudan’s capital, that the Nairobi peace agreement is poised to be integrated into the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, brokered by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development to resolve years of conflict since December 2013.
  • Abraham Kuol Nyuon, the dean of the School for Social and Economic Studies at the University of Juba, expressed that the talks initiated by Kenyan President William Ruto on May 3 will not only energize the nation for the upcoming general election but also establish a groundwork for sustainable peace by inclusively engaging all remaining dissenting opposition factions.

An expert from South Sudan stated on Tuesday that the ongoing high-level mediation discussions for the country, currently taking place in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, will provide momentum to the forthcoming electoral process. Abraham Kuol Nyuon, the dean of the School for Social and Economic Studies at the University of Juba, expressed that the talks initiated by Kenyan President William Ruto on May 3 will not only energize the nation for the upcoming general election but also establish a groundwork for sustainable peace by inclusively engaging all remaining dissenting opposition factions.

Kuol emphasized, “I believe the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity sees it necessary to unify all stakeholders before proceeding with electoral discussions.” He conveyed to Xinhua in Juba, South Sudan’s capital, that the Nairobi peace agreement is poised to be integrated into the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, brokered by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development to resolve years of conflict since December 2013.

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“The ongoing peace negotiations in Nairobi will serve a dual purpose. Firstly, if an accord is reached, it will be appended to the 2018 agreement, signifying South Sudan’s definitive departure from conflict as all factions are brought into the fold,” he remarked, highlighting that the ultimate agreement will significantly cater to the interests of all political entities.

Dubbed “Tumaini,” meaning hope in Swahili, the Nairobi peace talks are attended by the transitional unity government and dissenting opposition factions like the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement led by Pagan Amum and the South Sudan United Front under Paul Malong Awan, the former chief of staff of the South Sudan People’s Defense Force (SSPDF). Nonetheless, the National Salvation Front led by Thomas Cirilo Swaka, the former deputy chief of logistics in the SSPDF, has boycotted the discussions, citing concerns over insecurity in Nairobi and lack of prior consultation.

The peace negotiations between the government and hold-out opposition groups under the South Sudan Opposition Movement Alliance initially commenced in Rome, Italy. Initiated in November 2019, these talks resulted in the signing of a cessation of hostilities and a declaration of principles but faced challenges in addressing the grievances of the opposition factions comprehensively.

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